Department of Oral Pathology & Oral Biology

Oral Pathology & Oral Biology

Name of Department:                              Department of Oral Pathology & Oral Biology
Name of Ag.Head Of Deparment:          Dr. O. G. Omitola
Contact E-mail:                                        This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Contact Phone Number(s):                    08055225242

 

ORAL BIOLOGY

Oral Anatomy                                                      OPB 501.1                               2 units

Development of the human face, oral cavity, jaws, tongue and salivary glands;  Deciduous and Permanent dentition, Times of calcification and eruption.  Morphology of incisors, canines, premolars and molars; Development of branchial arches and their derivatives, Mandibular and hyoid arches and relationship to Vth, VIIth and IXth cranial nerves, Growth of the face and jaws and development of nerve supply to the teeth, Formation of dental lamina and differentiation, Early development of tooth germ, Development of enamel organ and differentiation into tooth structures, Formation of deciduous and permanent teeth, Origin of tongue, buccal sulcus, thyroid, hyoid and salivary glands, Amelogenesis. Dentinogenesis, Development of dental pulp, Formation of periodontal membrane, dental follicle, Hertwig’s Sheath, Detailed structure of formed dental tissues including Cellular elements, physical and chemical properties, histochemical properties, calcification, maturation, innervation and blood supply. Enamel, dentine, cementum, periodontal membrane, and alveolar bone. Mucous membranes,Variations of epithelium in different parts of mouth and adjacent structures including tongue, antrum, epiglottis. Mucous glands. Fordyce’s anomaly. Gingiva, free and attached gingival, relationship to teeth and periodontal membranes.  Mixed dentition. Radiographic appearance at different ages. Movement of teeth, before and after eruption. Normal limits, Mesial drift. Over eruption, Tilting, Changes in bone and cement. Exfoliation of deciduous teeth,, Development of normal occlusion, the tongue. Development; innervation, muscles, epithelium, taste buds, blood supply, Lymphatic drainage, Temporo-mandibular joint. Development, Structure, Age changes, Movements. Growth of jaws and changes throughout life, Maxillary antrum and relationship to teeth and nerve,  Applied surgical anatomy of fascial layers of oral cavity, cervical fascia, lymphatic drainage, facial nerve; spheno-palatine ganglion.

Oral Anatomy Practical                                       OPB 502.1                               2 units

Learning outcomes-

Candidates should understand the development, basic and applied anatomy of the structures of the face and oral cavity. Clinical issues arising from the process of developments should be well understood.

Oral Physiology                                                   OPB 503.1                               2 units

Calcium and phosphorus metabolism, Absorption, Body requirements, role of citrate, blood levels, parathormone, thyroxin, calcitonin, Excretion, Chemical composition of enamel, dentine, cementum and bone, Inorganic crystalline structure, hydroxyapatite, fluoride uptake. Organic constituents, collagen, ascorbic acid, amino – acids, Theories of calcification, Phosphate theory, Seeding theory. Changes in calcification, Permeability of dental hard tissues, Age changes Resorption, exfoliation, changes in bone and cementum.Hormonal influences on growth and development of teeth and jaws, Nutrition and diet: Calcium: Phosphorus ratio, Effects of variations on caries, Role of sugars in dental caries, Fluoride: Influence on enamel. Mottling, Fluorosis, Relation to dental caries prevention, Theories of mechanism, Trace elements. Molybdenum, selenium, magnesium, Vitamins, Vitamin A. Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Vitamin D. Saliva, Organic and inorganic constituents, Factors controlling secretion, Nervous control of flow Xerostomia, Functions of saliva, Calculus, Composition, Formation Sites and Significance. Dental Plaque, Composition. Formation, and relation to dental disease. Dental Caries, Introduction to aetiology and pathology, Physiology of taste and smell,  Innervations of dentine, Role of teeth and oral structures in speech, Mastication and deglutition.   

Oral Physiology Practical                                    OPB 504.1                             2 units

Learning outcomes: Candidates should understand the physiology and functions of oral tissues with relevant clinical applications.

Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology I                     OPB 501.2                             3 units   

The foundation for clinical and laboratory diagnosis of oro-facial diseases as related to other areas of medical and dental sciences including: Introduction to oral Diagnosis, Dental Caries, aetiology, immunological aspect and pathology. Lesions of the pulp and periapal tissues (granulomas, abscesses, cysts).Infections (bacterial, viral and fungal) including HIV/AIDS and the spread of oro-facial infections, Developmental and acquired abnormalities of teeth, face and jaws including common head and neck syndromes, Gingitivitis and periodontal disease (lateral periodontal abscess, pericoronitis), Cysts of the jaws and oral soft tissues (odontogenic cysts, non-odontogenic cysts, non-epithedialized primary bone cyst and soft tissue cysts), Basic laboratory techniques

Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Practical      OPB 502.2                                  2 units

Learning Outcome: Candidates should understand the pathology of the oro-facial region, should be able to identify them clinically and microscopically. They should be able to give appropriate management

Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology II                      OPB 601.1                                 2 Units

Advanced laboratory techniques, Odontogenic tumours (benign and malignant), Non-odontogenic tumours and related disorders of the oral mucosa – squamous cell papilloma and related conditions, oral white and pigmented lesions, the concept of pre-malignancy and squamous cell carcinoma, Melanoma, Connective tissue hyperplasia and neoplasia including the lymphomas, Salivary gland disorders – sialadentis, Sjogren’s syndrome and related disorders, sialadenosis, HIV- associated salivary gland diseases, salivary gland tumours, Metabolic and developmental conditions of bone, other lesions of bone

Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology II Clinical      OPB 602.1                         6 Units

Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology III                   OPB 603.2                                  2 Units

Vesiculobulous and ulcerative diseases of the oral mucosa. Oral white lesions, Pigmented lesions of the oral mucosa, Giant cell lesions of the oral mucosa and lesions containing giant cells

Disorders of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) – Developmental, inflammatory disorders, osteoarthrosis and functional disorders

Forensic odontology and jurisprudence, Law and ethics, dental data, comparison of dental data and identification of unknown persons, Forensic dental traumatology, examination of teeth and bite marks. 

Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology III Clinical       OPB 604.2                         6 Units

Learning Outcome: Candidates should understand the pathology of the oro-facial region, should be able to identify them clinically and microscopically. They should be able to give appropriate management

Oral Medicine & Therapeutic I OMT 501.2                                              2 Units

The clinical diagnosis and treatment of diseases studied earlier in the course with emphasis on early recognition of significant oral manifestations of systemic diseases, including:

Diseases of developmental origin; median rhomboid glossitis, white sponge naevi, local epithelial hyperplasria, Albright’s syndrome, pemphigus, hereditary gingival fibromatosis, epidermolysis bullosa.  Recurrent oral ulceration, minor and major aphthae, Behcet’s syndrome, traumatic ulceration, geographic tongue,  Infections of viral, bacterial and fungal origin, Pre-malignant oral lesions, leukoplakia, erythroplakia, lichen planus, oral epithelial atrophy, submucous fibrosis.  Nutritional diseases, kwashiorkor, avitaminoses, iron deficiency.  Endocrine disorders, Acromegaly, Addison’s disease, hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus, variations related to oestrogen.  Haemopoietic diseases, clotting disorders, anaemias, leucopenia, neutropenia, agranulocytosis, leukaemias.

Oral Medicine & Therapeutic I Clinical   OMT 502                               6 Units  

Oral Medicine & Therapeutic II    OMT 601                                           2 Units

Dermatological diseases including white lesions of the oral mucosa, white sponge naevus, lichen planus, dyskeratosis, epidermolysis bullosa, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, erythema multiforme, psoriasis, pemphigus, benign pemphigoid, lupus.  Pigmentation of oral mucosa due to drugs, peutz-Jegher’s Syndrome, Addison’s disease, Gastro-intestinal disease – oesophageal reflux, Plummer-Vilson disease, sprue, Crohn’s disease, intestinal polyposis, fibrocystic disease of the pancreas, Salivary gland disorders, xerostomia, sialorrhoea, acute and chronic infections, mumps, sialolithiasis, fistula, mucoceles, Sjogren’s syndrome, Mikulicz’s Differential diagnosis of facial pain, arising from teeth, periodontal membrane, sinuses, ulcers, temporo-mandibular joint, migraine, temporal arteritis, neuralgias of trigeminal, mental, auriculo-temporal, glossopharyngeal nerves.  Post herpetic pain, referred pain, the significance of changes in sensation.

Oral Medicine & Therapeutic II Clinical OMT 602                               6 Units

Oral Medicine & Therapeutic III    OMT 601                                        2 Units

Dental Therapeutics: Toothpastes and Mouthwashes:  Sialagogues, Obstundents and analgesics, Root canal medicaments, Periodontal packs and dressings.  Antibiotics, anti-viral and anti-fungal preparations, Topical steroids, Vehicles for oral application of drugs, Dentine Desensitizing agents, Plaque disclosing and removing agents, Topical local anaesthetics, Fluoride and forms of administration.

Substances used in oral surgery:-  Styptics, white head varnish, carbolized resin, tannic acid powder, fibrinogen, thrombin, oxycel, ephedrine, Russell viper venom. Drugs used in emergencies in the dental surgery:- Hydrocortisone sodium succinate, 10% calcium chloride, 0.1% adrenaline solution, glyceryl-trinitrate, Phytamenadione (Vitamin K).  Phentolamine methane sulphonate (Rogitine).

Oral Medicine & Therapeutic III Clinical   OMT 603                            6 Units

Learning outcome: Candidates must be able to identify and diagnosed oral lesions. They must also be able to identify systemic conditions presenting in the mouth. Candidates must be able to use drugs to treat oral conditions.

FORMATS OF THE EXAMINATIONS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF ORAL PATHOLOGY & BIOLOGY

PART IV EXAMINATION (ORAL BIOLOGY)

  • Paper I (MCQ)     100 marks
  • Paper II (Essay)  100 marks
  • Practical (OSCE) 80 marks      100 marks
  • Viva (Oral)           20 marks
  • Total                    300               320   
  • Examination scaled to 70%
  • Continuous Assessment 30%

PART V EXAMINATION (ORAL PATHOLOGY AND ORAL MEDICINE)

  • Paper I (MCQ)     100 marks
  • Paper II (Essay)   100 marks
  • Practical (OSCE) 80 marks     100 marks
  • Viva (Oral)           20 marks
  • Total                    300              320
  • Examination Scaled to 70%
  • Continuous Assessment 30%

STAFF LIST

  1. Teaching Staff

Name of Staff

Rank/Designation

Status

Qualifications with dates.

Area of Specialization

 Prof. KUE OGBUREKE

Professor

Visiting

BDS, MSc, DMSc, JD, FDSRCS, FDSRCPS, FRCpath

Oral Pathology, Forensic Odontology

 Dr. IUMADUKWE

Reader

Adjunct

BDS (1981), Msc Physiology (1993), FMCGDP (2006).

 Oral Biology

Dr.  OG OMITOLA

Senior Lecturer/Ag HOD

Full time

BDS (1998), FMCDS (2006)

Oral Pathology

Dr. CA IYOGUN

Senior. Lecturer

Contract

BDS (1980), FMCDS (1989), FWACS (1992), FICS (2002).

Oral Pathology

Dr. RN UGOMUOH

Lecturer II

 

Full time

BDS (1997), Msc, Clinical Pharmacology (2003).

On Training in Oral Biology

NB: Yellow to be removed

Technical Staff

Name

  Rank/Designation

Qualifications with dates

Area of specialization

    

Status

Mr FC MBATA

Snr. Med. Lab. Scientist

BMLS, 2005.  AMLSCN 2007

 Histopathology / Cytopathology

Full time

Mr B. TIGIRIH

Lab Supervisor

SSCE 2002

Assist the Medical lab Scientist

Full time

Mr E OMOEDU                              

Laboratory assistant                

NECO 200

 

Full time

 

NB: Blue to be added

Non-Teaching Staff

Name of Staff

  •  

Qualifications with dates

  •  

Mr W C CHUKU

Chief Executive officer

Diploma (1991) Bsc (2000)

 

Full time

Mrs P.  AGABI

Cleaner/Messenger,

 

FSLC (1989), SSCE (Nov. 2014)

Full time

NB: Orange to replace what was there before.

You are here: Home Schools, Colleges & Faculties Faculty of Dentistry Department of Oral Pathology & Oral Biology