Department of Child Dental Health

Child Dental Health

Name of Department:                             Department of Child Dental Health 
Name of Ag.Head Of Deparment:          Dr. E. A. Aikins 
Contact E-mail:                                        This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.   
Contact Phone Number(s):                    08033131969

 

VISSION

To be among the best globally in the teaching and practice of Orthodontics and Paedodontics

MISSION

To contribute in the best possible way to the quality of education and training of dentists who will not only excel in the area of Child Dental Health as they face the oral health challenges in our environment, but will equally favourably compete internationally.

PHILOSOPHY

Commitment to academic excellence in a conducive environment

 

OUTLINE OF THE UNDERGRADUATE CURRICULUM PROGRAMME

Objectives of the Department in the training of the Undergraduate Students

The postings / lectures in the two specialties in Child Dental Health are designed to enable the students achieve the following objectives:

  • Acquire the scientific, biologic and pathologic knowledge of health and diseases of the oral cavity in the context of the whole being.
  • Understand the proper guidance of the growth and development of the craniofacial complex of the growing population.
  • Acquire the knowledge and skills required to diagnose, prevent and treat malocclusions, diseases and malformations of the oral cavity in children, adolescents and even adults in cases of orthodontic care.
  • Guide the developing occlusion and acquire the skills in the treatment of developing malocclusion
  • Provide total quality health care for infants, young children and adolescents- early diagnosis of the disease and treatment, correct existing oral problems (halt their progression) and to prevent anticipated future problems, as well as giving adequate attention to the psycho-social development of the growing population.
  • Sensitize the students on the need to contribute to knowledge through quality research activities in future.

PAEDODONTICS

Objectives of this undergraduate curriculum in Paediatric dentistry

The programme in Paedodontics should prepare the students to:

  • Develop a positive attitude and behaviour towards children thereby establishing a dental home.
  • Provide total quality health care for infants, young children and adolescents
  • Diagnose oral diseases early and treat
  • Correct existing oral problems (halt their progression) and to prevent anticipated future problems
  • Cultivate an interdisciplinary management approach in the care of children (ie collaborating with other specialties such as Paediatrics)

Expected Learning Outcomes and Competency Statements

  • They should be able to manage the behaviour of a child patient
  • They should be able to differentiate between primary and permanent dentitions   
  • Students should be able to make diagnosis of common oral conditions in children
  • They should be able to develop a properly sequenced treatment plan; i.e. emergency, preventive, restorative and rehabilitation treatments.
  • They should be able to carry out treatments in children
  • They should be able to restore lost tooth structure and maintain harmony between the hard and soft tissue.
  • They should be able to counsel parents and children on prevention of dental diseases.

COURSE OUTLINE

500 LEVEL

CDH 504.1 (2 Units): Introduction to Paediatric Dentistry

  • Introduction to Paediatric Dentistry (Paedodontics)
  • Consent to treatment
  • Instruments used in paediatric dentistry
  • Child Development I ( Growth, maturation, Milestones in child development)
  • Child Development II (Theories of child development)

CDH 504.1 CL: Clinical I (6 Units)

CDH 504.2 (2 Units): Dental Anomalies and Techniques of Behaviour Management in Children

  • Techniques of Behaviour Management in Children
  • Non pharmacological
  • Pharmacological
  • Common Childhood Diseases
  • Tooth development
  • Tooth eruption (Theories of eruption and anomalies of tooth eruption)
  • Identification of Teeth: Primary and Permanent Dentition and the clinical implications
  • Dental Anomalies – I (Size, Shape, Number and Form)
  • Dental Anomalies – II (Structural Defects)

CDH 504.2  CL :Clinical II (6 Units)

600 LEVEL

CDH 604.1 (3 Units); Caries and Pulp Therapies in Children

  • Dental Caries I (Aetio-pathogenesis)

Early childhood caries

Rampant caries

  • Dental Caries II ( Preventive Measures)

Principles of prevention I: Dental health education (diet and diet analysis)

Principles of prevention II: Fluoride therapy- topical and systemic. 

Principles of prevention III: Fissure sealants and preventive resin restoration.

  • Dental Caries III (Treatment – Operative Methods)

Tooth Isolation techniques and moisture control in children

Operative techniques I (primary and permanent dentition)

Operative techniques II (Restorative materials used in paediatric dentistry)

  • Pulp Therapy I (Direct and Indirect Pulp Capping)
  • Pulp Therapy II ( Pulpotomy and Pulpectomy)
  • Pulp Therapy III (Medicaments)
  • Stainless Steel Crown Restorations

CDH 604.1 CL: Clinical III (6 Units)

CDH 604.2 (3 Units): Dental Traumatology and Associated Clinical Conditions

  • Extractions of teeth
  • Space maintainers
  • Types, prevention and treatment of periodontal and other oral soft tissue lesions
  • Dental Traumatology I (Aetiology and Classification of Injuries to the Anterior teeth, General Examination, Diagnostic Procedures and Treatment Planning)
  • Dental Traumatology II (Management of Injuries to Anterior teeth with Open and Closed apices)
  • Dental Traumatology III (Management of avulsed teeth, Management of trauma to Primary teeth)
  • Dental Traumatology IV (Teeth Rehabilitation - Acid Etch Technique, Composite Restorations, Crowns, etc)
  • Dental Traumatology V ( Sequelae of trauma to Anterior teeth and their Management)
  • Tooth discolouration
  • Management of children with Special health needs

CDH 604.2 Clinical IV (6 Units)
 

ORTHODONTICS

Objectives of this Undergraduate Curriculum in Orthodontics

This programme in orthodontics should prepare the students to:

  • Anticipate and detect incipient malocclusions
  • Provide counselling and preventive measures where possible based on good understanding of occlusal developmental milestones
  • Recognise conditions which require advanced orthodontic diagnosis and treatment by an orthodontic specialist
  • Understand the possibilities of comprehensive orthodontic treatment
  • Observe and assist in a variety of orthodontic procedures including separator placement, banding, bonding of brackets and debonding
  • Understand clinical application of orthodontic radiographs
  • Understand the principle of interdisciplinary treatment
  • Use orthodontic principles as an adjunct to treatment procedures in all other phases of dental practice

Expected Learning Outcomes and Competency Statements at the end of the whole programme

  • Make proper diagnosis and develop good treatment plan based on all diagnostic data.
  • Should be able carry out interceptive orthodontics when indicated
  • Should understand his / her limitations and when to make appropriate referrals
  • Should be able to communicate the treatment plan to the  patients /  parents for effective treatment and best possible outcome
  • Make proper diagnosis and develop good treatment plan based on all diagnostic data.
  • Should be able carry out interceptive orthodontics when indicated
  • Should understand his / her limitations and when to make appropriate referrals
  • Should be able to communicate the treatment plan to the  patients /  parents for effective treatment and best possible outcome

COURSE OUTLINE

 

500 LEVEL

CDH 505.1 (2 Units): Introduction to Undergraduate Orthodontics / Growth and Development of the Craniofacial Complex

  • Introduction to Undergraduate Course in Orthodontics
  • Scope of Orthodontics
  • Normal occlusion
  • The Development of Ideal Occlusion
  • Eruption and Calcification Pattern of Primary and Secondary Dentition
  • The Growth of the Skull from Birth to Adult Life, Mechanism by which Skull Growth is produced

CDH 505.1 CL: Clinical I (6 Units)

CDH 505.2 (2 Units): Aetiologies and Classifications of Malocclusion

  • Classifications of Malocclusion – Molar and Incisor Classifications
  • Malposition of the Teeth, Malrelationship of the Arches
  • The Aetiology of Malocclusion-I: The Skeletal Pattern (Classification of Skeletal pattern, Methods of Assessing Skeletal pattern)
  • The Aetiology of Malocclusion – II: The Soft Tissues, Methods of Investigating and Recording Soft Tissues Form and Function.
  • The Aetiology of Malocclusion – III: Crowding, Measurement of Crowding.
  • The Aetiology of Malocclusion –IV: Local Factors (eg in maxillary midline diastema)
  • Supernumerary Teeth
  • Orthodontic Tooth Movement
  • Principles of Removable Appliances
  • Design of Removable Appliance: Adams Clasps, Force Components (Springs, Screws, etc), Base Plate, Anchorage)
  • Space Maintainers
  • Bite Planes: Anterior bite plane, Sved bite plane, Posterior bite plane
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Removable Appliances
  • Serial Extractions

CDH 505.2 CL: Clinical II (6 Units); CDH 505.2 (Pr) 1 Unit

Learning Outcome: At the end of this course, students should have good understanding of craniofacial growth and occlusal development, the multifactorial nature of the aetiology of malocclusion, classifications of malocclusion, and principles of tooth movement and the use of removable orthodontic appliances

600 LEVEL

CDH 605.1 (3 Units): Treatment Concepts and Types of Malocclusions

  • Fundamental Concepts in Treatment of Class I Malocclusion, Role of Removable Appliance in Treating Class I Malocclusion
  • Fundamental Concepts in Treatment of Class II Malocclusion, Role of Removable Appliance in Treating Class II Malocclusion
  • Design of Removable Appliance Used in the Treatment of Class II Malocclusion
  • Fundamental Concepts in the Treatment of Class III Malocclusion, Role of Removable Appliance in the Treatment of Class III Malocclusion

CDH 605.1 CL: Clinical III (6 Units); CDH 605.1 Pr (1 Unit)

CDH 605.2 (3 Units): Principles of Fixed Appliances Therapy and Associated Surgical Procedures

  • General Principles of Fixed Appliance
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Fixed Appliances
  • Retention and Management of Relapse
  • Delayed Eruption of the Maxillary Canine
  • X-Ray Cephalometry, Identification of Cephalometric Landmarks
  • Functional Appliance
  • Orthodontics and Minor Oral Surgical Procedures
  • Orthodontics and Orthognathic Surgery
  • Management of Orofacial Defects and Orthodontics

CDH 605.2 CL: Clinical IV (6 Units); CDH 605.2 Pr (1 Unit)

Learning Outcome: At the end of the final year, the students should have adequate knowledge of the principles involved in fixed orthodontic appliances including functional appliances, the role of radiological investigations in orthodontic management of patients, the place of orthodontics in the multidisciplinary management of orofacial defects and the important relationship between orthodontics and other aspects of medicine and dentistry especially oral and maxillofacial surgery

FORMAT OF PART V BDS (FINAL) EXAMINATION IN CHILD DENTAL HEALTH DEPARTMENT

  • Two Written Papers each of 3 hours duration – Paper 1 being MCQs (100 marks) and Paper 2 Essay type questions (100 marks
  • OSCE (60 marks)
  • Clinical Examination (70 marks)
  • Oral Examination (20 marks)
  • The Examination is scaled down to 70%
  • Continuous Assessment (30%)

TEACHING STAFF

 

Name

Qualification /

Year

Specialty

Position

1

ONYEASO, Chukwudi. Ochi

BDS Jan.1990; FWACS, 1999; FWFO, 2005; MSIL, 2003; MICS, 2004

Orthodontics

Professor / Dean  Full Time

2

EIGBOBO, Joycelyn .O.

BDS, 1994; FWACS, 2009

Paediatric  Dentistry

Senior Lecturer / Ag Head, Full Time

3

AIKINS,  Elfleda A.

BDS,1989; FMCDS, 2010

Orthodontics

Lecturer 1, Full Time

4

ETIM, Sylvia S.

BDS, 2004

In-training

Lecturer II, Full Time

TECHNICAL STAFF

 

Name

Qualification / Year

Position

1

 OGUWUIKE, Virginia U.(Miss)

 HND, PGD /2001

Dental Technologist I

2

EBUNOHA, Obiamaka C.

 HND /1999

Dental Technologist I

ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF

 

Name

Qualification

Position

1

Mrs.Chioma E. OKEMINI

BA,2002, PGD (2013)

Senior Assistant Registrar

2

 

 

Edith OJIGBULE

HND, 2003

Higher Executive Officer

3

Gift  I. DAVID

School Certificate 2005,

Diploma, 2005

Senior Computer Operator

4

Mr Victor ATTAH

School Certificate, 2004

Laboratory Assistant

5

Mrs.Victory SERIBOGHA

School Certicate, 2010

Head Laboratory Attendant

6

Faith AMADI

School Certificate, 2012

Messenger/Cleaner (Contract)

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